Prostate cancer is actually a disease that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is very fashionable as probably the most reasons for death in america.
The prostate itself accounts for production of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is situated in between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, since it is usually without symptoms. This is one answer for your question why this usually located in men aged 50 years as well as the normally diagnosed from the seventies. Indeed in step with age, symptom that had been not visible is going to be visible. a common complaint expressed by those with the illness is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the presence of imp-otence problems.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is definitely the antigen whether it contained in someone`s blood, a doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer is still under debate. Treatments vary, according to the stage. During the early stages may be used prostatectomy (removal of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be done (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or perhaps the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (elimination of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and is also usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is created from the abdomen or perineal area, as well as the patient was required to undergo hospital cure for 5-seven days. Complications that could happen is the fact impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active se-x-life, can be carried out Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removing of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes physical and psychological effects that could not really tolerated through the patients. Orkiektomi is an effective treatment, will not require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need prostate cancer treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to take care of cancer of the, B and C. Usually if the chance of surgical procedures are too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy to the prostate gland can be carried out in numerous ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Negative effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (such as redness and irritation), injury or burns towards the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatments are usually done up to five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue using a small incision. The main advantage of this particular type of radiation treatments are that radiation is directed instantly to the prostate with tissue damage inside the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The goal is always to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Decline in testosterone levels tend to be extremely effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is principally used to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the better traditionally used to deal with advanced prostate cancer. An illustration is definitely the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration mainly because it has the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given by means of injections, usually every 90 days. Along side it effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs employed for hormonal treatments are androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to prevent the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. One side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often used to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or combination of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that can utilized to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and be determined by the drugs given. You need to carefully take into account the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to find the prostate cancer treatment options that suited with you.